breeding rules

Country A-L


No information available

Terranova Club Argentino (founded 2012)

Federation Cinologica Argentina


Australia has three Newfoundland clubs:

Newfoundland Club of South Australia Inc.
Newfoundland Club of Victoria Inc.
The Newfoundland Club of NSW Inc.

Australian National Kennel Council Ltd.


Österreichischer Neufundländer Klub (founded 1967)

Österreichischer Kynologen Verband

common rules:

  • Minimum hip and elbow x-ray earliest with 20 months.
  • Hip grade A and B approved.
  • Until elbow grade 1 approved.
  • Cystinuria only clear x clear and clear x carrier, carrier x carrier not allowed.
  • Heart examination with color doppler.
  • Bonitation earliest with an age of 20 months


Newfoundland Club of Belgium (founded 2008) - Webpage offline

St. Hubert Kennel Club Inc.

common rules:

There are no breeding rules from the Belgian Newfoundland Club, but the requirements of the Belgian Kennel Club (St. Hubert) have to be fulfilled: Hip examination from 18 months hip grade A to C allowed, C only with A or B. All other no breeding permittion. DNA profile of both parents is required and minimum from one puppy from each litter to confirm parenthood (the more the better). Each tested puppy gets an imprint onto the pedigree that the parents are confirmed. The DNA profile is determined by a saliva sample. When using a foreign dog, DNA is also necessary. Regulation of St. Hubert for dogs born after the 1st of January 2008: 1 time minimum "good" under a Belgian judge on one of the two annual shows of St. Hubert. There are no qualifications. Either you get the certificate or you do not get it.


Newfoudland Dog Club of Canada (NDCC)

Canadian Kennel Club

The NDCC members are expected to breed according to the Canadian standard. If a breeder indicates that he breeds gray and/or brown, he loses the membership in the NDCC, but not the right to have his dogs registered in the CKC (Canadian Kennel Club). If a brown or gray puppy is born accidentally, this does not affect the membership.
Most of the Newfoundland breeders in Canada are not members of the NDCC. There are breeders who breed outside the CKC and the Canadian law and only carry out foreign registrations (usually AKC).
No health examinations are required.

Czech Republic

has two FCI recognized clubs:
Novofundland klub CR (founded 1967)
Klub novofundlandský pes ČR

Českomoravská kynologická unie

common rules:

Maximum hip grade D is permitted, otherwise no health tests are required.


Newfoundlandklubben Danmark

Dansk Kennel Klub

common rules:

  • hip grade A to C gets breeding permission, x-ray earliest with an age of 18 months
  • elbow grade 0 to 2 allowed, x-ray earlierst with an age of 12 months
The sum of the inbreeding coefficient of both parents has not be greater than 3.
Cardiac examinations.
Breeding requirement at least 1 x very good at an official show.


has two FCI recognized clubs:

Eesti Newfoundlandi koerte Klubi
Eesti Newfoundlandi koerte Ja Landseeride Touühing

Eesti Kennelliit


Suomen Newfoundlandinkoirayhdistys Ry (founded 1952)


The Finnish Kennel Klub does not require any health checks, and the Finnish Newfoundland Club is only giving recommendations.
In order to get to the puppy list of the Finnish Newfoundland Club the parents must be examined
for hips and elbows (no matter what result), cystinuria carriers x carriers are not on the list.


Club Francais du Cien Terre-Neuve et du Landseer (CFCTNL-founded 1962)

Société Centrale Canine (SCC)

I - Rules of the SCC

1 – The confirmation of stud-book entry.

In France, the confirmation of stud-book entry is mandatory for all breeds to breed puppies registered in the LOF (Book of French Origins), that is to say having a birth certificate (future pedigree). This examination is performed by a French judge (SCC) in the context of a dog show.
The judge checks:
the dog identification number ("microchip"): in France all dogs must be identified and registered on a National Domestic Carnivore Identification File (I-CAD)
the age of the dog, the minimum age to be presented for this examination is 15 months for Newfoundlands
that the dog corresponds to the characteristics of the standard and that it does not present crippling defects (e.g. monorchidism, prognathism, snarling or fearful character, etc. or a lack of type)
If the dog is judged apt, the judge signs the birth certificate and the owner sends it to the SCC who returns the final pedigree.
Only puppies born to parents registered with the LOF-number and confirmed can have a birth certificate.
For imported dogs, they must be born of parents registered in the book of origin of their country and have the confirmation of stud-book entry before being able to reproduce.
Special case: the registration of a dog on an initial basis in the LOF (without pedigree). For Newfoundland, the register remains open and a dog of quality but born of unidentified parents can be registered with the LOF and be granted a pedigree without indication of genealogy. Beforehand, he must be free or at an acceptable level for the most sought genetic disease in the breed (maximum HD C), have successfully passed the Natural Ability Test (TAN), have obtained a qualifier "very good" or "excellent" in show. The confirmation of stud-book entry, a French specificity, is therefore a necessary passage for reproduction.

2 – The affix

It is not compulsory to have an affix to produce puppies registered in the LOF.

3 - The mating and/or artificial insemination

Artificial insemination must be performed by a licensed veterinarian if the sire and the bitch do not belong to the same owner. The mating (and the artificial insemination) is the object of a declaration with the SCC for opening of file in the 2 months following the mating (beyond, increase of the expenses of file).

4 - The declaration of birth

Within 2 weeks of birth, the breeder must report the number of male and female puppies born to the SCC.

5 - The litter registration demand

During the first vaccination of puppies, the veterinarian proceeds to their electronic identification ("micro chip"). The breeder must declare the litter to the SCC: the name of the puppies must begin with a letter which is obligatorily the same for all the kennels of France: for example, N for 2017, O for 2018. At the same time, puppies must be registered with I-DAC with their name and the name of their owner. The identification number is that of the "micro chip"; he will follow the dog all his life.

6 - Close consanguinity or inbreeding

As of 01/10/2017, the SCC prohibits close consanguinity (or in-breeding) "father-daughter, mother-son and brother-sister", unless requested by the committee of the CFCTNL before the mating.

7 - The legal status of the breeder

Every breeder has a breeder´s number with the SCC.
There are 2 categories of breeding: the occasional breeding (family) and the professional breeding.
Family breeding: one litter per year maximum and sale of puppies obligatorily registered with the LOF.
Professional breeding: two (or more) litters per year and sale of puppies registered in the LOF or not. Are considered professional (and therefore must obey the same regulations), the breeder who has 3 or 4 bitches (and who works in the interests of the breed) and "the puppy mill" with dozens of breeders (and who works for a purely lucrative purpose!).
Legally, the sale of these puppies is governed by the rural code and the code of consumption; this last code puts on the same footing all the professional breeders what induces for the passionate breeder having a small stock a legal responsibility impossible to hold and puts in danger breeding for selection. The professional breeder must hold a certificate of capacity, a diploma attesting his ability (to be updated every 10 years), and hold installations in accordance with the regulations (kennels, nursery, etc.) with rather severe sanitary standards but which may not be suitable for actual use (especially the real well-being of the dog).

II - The directives of the CFCTNL

The CFCTNL has issued guidelines and advice. Most are required to bring a dog into the selection grid and to be included in the «CFCTNL Breeder List following the Breeding Guidelines» («Liste des éleveurs du CFCTNL respectant les Directives d’élevage»). But, their application is not mandatory to produce puppies registered in the LOF, that is to say without any guarantee on the ascending.
The CFCTNL advises that any dog intended for breeding is genetically identified (DNA). This identification is mandatory to enter the selection grid (from level 2) and for registration of champions titles (National, Junior, Veteran and Breed Club).

The future sire or dam must have been tested for hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. X-rays can not be done before the age of 15 months. They are performed according to a precise protocol, under anesthesia, and are read by an official reader. For hips, a dog with a HD C can only breed with a dog with HD A or HD B. Beyond HD C, breeding is prohibited.
For elbows, a dog with a ED 2 or ED 3 can only breed with a dog with ED 0 or ED SL.
The future sire or dam must also have been cardiac tested. Doppler ultrasound tests can not be done before the age of 15 months. They are done according to a precise protocol and are read by an official reader. Are sought all pathologies and anatomical abnormalities. Aortic stenosis and pulmonary stenosis are the subject of special attention. A dog with stenosis AS or PS 1 can reproduce with AS or PS 0 provided that the puppies produced by echo-Doppler are detected. Beyond AS or PS 1, reproduction is prohibited.
If a future parent is carrying cystinuria, the partner dog must also be genetically tested to see if it is free or carrier. It is forbidden to breed two carrier dogs, at the risk of producing double-carrier puppies, therefore sick; every dog double-carrier is forbidden to the reproduction.
The colors of the coat are the subject of special attention. Only black, brown or white and black Newfoundland can obtain the confirmation of stud-book entry. As a result, it is advisable to do the corresponding genetic tests in order not to produce brown and white, gray or beige dogs. In addition, the CFCTNL recommends not to breed two brown dogs or two white and black dogs together in each generation. Regular reproduction with a black subject is strongly recommended.
A female will not breed before the age of 18 months, nor after the age of 8 years. Two consecutive litters must be followed by a rest cycle.
The breeder must not let a puppy leave the kennel before the age of 8 weeks (law of 06/01/1999). However, the CFCTNL recommends starting the kennel at the earliest in the 10th week.

Selection Grid of Newfoundlands (Approved by the SCC on 21.02.2012; updated and applicable on 1.01.2017):

The selection grid is a good indicator of the value of a dog for beauty and reproduction (see Elites A and B). However, we must not forget that not all quality dogs are listed and that the list of selected dogs is not exhaustive, because many quality dogs can not go to exhibitions following breeding contingencies, of finance, agree owners to present their dog on show, etc. To progress in the selection grid, Newfoundland must pass the Natural Abilities Test (TAN), which consists of 3 tests: a character test, a gait test and a water or trait work test. The minimum age is 10 months.

The selection:
1 point: dog with confirmation of stud-book entry.
2 points: confirmation of stud-book entry + TAN + excellent in Show + HD A, B or C + DNA registered at the SCC.
3 points: confirmation of stud-book entry + TAN + 2 excellent in Special, Regional, National or French championship Show or very good if patent at sea or 3rd water grade (obtained by 18 months) + HD A, B or C + ED 0, SL or 1 + AS 0 or AS 1 + DNA registered at the SCC.
4 points or recommended dog: confirmation of stud-book entry + TAN + 3 excellent in Special, Regional, National or French championship Show with 2 different judges (1 excellent in national Show is mandatory) + HD A or B + ED 0, SL or 1 + AS 0 or AS 1 + DNA registered at the SCC.
5 points: ELITE B is a dog with confirmation of stud-book entry and DNA registered at the SCC, which produced in 1st generation:
- for sire: 3 descendants rated 3 points with 2 dams at least
- for dam: 3 descendants rated 3 points with 2 litters at least
6 points : ELITE A is a Recommended Dog with DNA registered at the SCC, which produced in 1st generation:
- for sire: 3 descendants rated 3 points with 2 dams at least
- for dam: 3 descendants rated 3 points with 2 litters at least


has two FCI recognized clubs:

Deutscher Neufundländer-Klub e. V. (DNK - founded 1893)
  Verein für Neufundländerfreunde in Deutschland e. V. (VND - founded 1985)

Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen e. V.

common rules for both clubs:

  • hip grade A and B any combination allowed
  • hip grade C only with hip grade A or B
  • hip grade D and E no breeding permission
  • elbow borderline (Grenzfall) only with borderline or 0
  • elbow 1 only with ED 0
  • elbow 2 and more no breeding permission in DNK, VND allows also elbow grade 2
Hip and elbow examination earliest with an age of 18.
Cystinuria carriers only with cystinuria clear. Cystinuria ill no breeding permission.
Heart check with color echo doppler.

DNK: Bonitation earliest with 15 months at an inofficial show with two German specialty judges.

VND: At least two exhibiting results with grading "very good", at a Kennel Club protected exhibition. Dogs that do not have two gradings "excellent", can only be mated with partners who got at least two times grading "excellent" in intermediate, open or champion class. Additional temperament test is required.
Proof of dental status with dental card required.

additional for males:
First mating not before 18 months of age, no restriction upwards.

additional for bitches:
DNK and VND: First mating after the age of the age of 21 months. The last mating before the completion of the 8th year of life.
A female may receive a maximum of 6 litters in her life
Additional for VND: First mating not later than with 60 months of age.


In the moment no club in Hungary

Hungarian Kennel Club


has two FCI recognized Newfoundland Clubs:

The Newfoundland Club of Ireland
The Emerald Isle Newfoundland Club

The Irish Kennel Club


St. Bernard & Newfoundland Club - Israel

Kennel Club of Israel


Club Italiano del Terranova (CIT - founded 1976) FCI recognized
Italien Societa Amatori Terranova SAT (founded 1994) not FCI recognized

Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana

There are no health rules.
Reputable breeders in SAT breed up to maximum HD C and ED 2.
If known, cystinuria carrier x carrier is not allowed.


Newfoundlands Kasakstan

Union of Cynologists of Kazakhstan

Latvia - full FCI member

Latvian Newfoundland and Landseer club

Latvian Kennel Club

common rules:

Hips only grade A and B allowed, for bitches A, B and C.
Elbow grade 0 and 1 are allowed.
Cystinuria test prescribed, carrier x carrier prohibited.
First mating males and bitches at the earliest with 24 months, upper limit for bitches 8 years, males no limit upward.


Lietuvos Niufaundlendu-Landsyru Megeju Klubas

Lithuanian Cynological Society


Landseer und Neufundländer Club Luxemburg a.s.b.l. (founded 1989

Fédération Cynologique Luxembourgeoise

common rules:

Only a hip examination is required by the Luxembourg Kennel Club, garde A and B are permitted.